Historic treaty!!! After more than a decade of talks, the countries of world came to an agreement in 2023 on the
first High Seas Treaty.
High seas start
370 km from the coast
. Beyond this point, no country has control over the seas, and everyone can fish, sail, and do research there.
Until now, most activities on the high seas were
so they could be exploited.
overfishing, pollution, climate change, and deep sea mining,
10% of marine species on the high seas are in danger of going extinct.
The UN High Seas Treaty is the
first treaty of its kind
to protect marine life in the high seas, which are international waters.
EU, the US, the UK
all played important roles in getting the deal done.
The treaty will basically limit how much
deep sea mining,
and other activities can happen. It was recently adopted by the
The treaty is yet to be formally adopted as members are yet to ratify it. Once ratified by 60 countries, the
treaty will be legally binding.
It is also known as the ‘
Paris Agreement for the Ocean,
’ officially known as the Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (
It is the first-ever treaty
to protect the world's oceans
and stop the loss of ocean life.